MADRID .- First, smoking was banned in places of work and some bars and restaurants. Now, the Minister of Health is considering expanding this measure to all public locations closed, without exception. To what extent are the rules of Trinidad Jiménez supported by science and services to prevent diseases in both active and passive smokers? Two reviews published this week in the medical journals ‘Journal of the American College of Cardiology’ and ‘Journal of the American Heart Association‘ offer compelling data that support the most restrictive policies.
These works have analyzed the results of 11 and 13 studies, respectively, developed in the United States, Canada, and Europe. After observing the effects produced by this type of anti-smoking measures in more than 24 million people, the experts of the first review concluded that not only decrease the number of smokers and the sale of tobacco; they can also reduce coronary heart attacks up to 26% per year.
Similar conclusions were obtained by the scientists of the second review, who states that, after the first year with restrictive measures, the percentage of heart attacks was 17% lower than in other communities without such public health initiatives. “These figures were even better as time passed, and at three years, it was 36% less,” they point out.
“prohibiting smoking in public places seems to be tremendously effective not only in reducing heart attacks, but it can also help prevent lung cancer and lung emphysema, two diseases that develop much more slowly than cardiovascular problems,” the researchers say — authors of the review published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
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Although the data are different according to the geographical area (neither genetics nor risk factors are the same in all populations), all the studies point in the same direction. That is, “not smoking at work or in public spaces significantly reduces the incidence of acute myocardial infarction, especially in women, young people and passive smokers,” according to the review.